Note: This data represents general acute-care hospitals in California but excludes Kaiser Permanente hospitals, which do not report charity care spending to the state. For 2017, California Healthline used data from 177 nonprofit hospitals, 80 for-profit hospitals and 54 city, county, district or state hospitals. The breakdown was similar for the other years, with slight fluctuations.

Credit: Harriet Blair Rowan/California Healthline